Are you the parent of a child with autism, learning disability, or a physical disability that has been struggling to get your child an appropriate special education? Do you think that special education personnel come to Individual Educational Plan (IEP) meetings already decided about your child’s placement or needed services? This article will be discussing predetermination, special education, and ways to overcome this.The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) states that a child has the right to a free appropriate public education (FAPE). Parents have the right to be involved in all decisions made for their child’s education. Special education personnel may bring a draft IEP to the meeting, but only if they are willing to change the IEP to allow parental input.Predetermination is defined as school personnel making unilateral decisions about a child before the IEP meeting, without parental input, and refusing to listen to parental input during the meeting. Or school district personnel presenting a take it or leave it IEP. If a parent brings information that a child needs a particular related or special education service and evidence that the child needs it, school district personnel are required to at least “consider” the input. The problem is that many special education personnel have already decided or predetermined what placement or services will be offered.In a well know predetermination case the court found that a school district had an unofficial policy of denying all requests for Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA) programs; despite evidence that a child required it. In this case the parents paid for a private ABA program in which the child made tremendous progress. The school district was excited about the child’s progress until the parents asked for reimbursement; then they refused to pay. The court found that the school district would not listen to the parents or their experts, about the child’s need for ABA. This was predetermination and the courts ruled that the parents had the right to reimbursement for the private ABA program.In another predetermination case the court found that despite evidence that a child was making great progress at a private school, and continued to need the services that the private school offered, the school district only placed the child in the private school because they were working on a plan to transition him to a district based placement. They refused to listen to the parent or the parents experts, that the child needed to continue to attend the private school to receive FAPE. The court determined that this was predetermination; and the child was able to continue at the private school at public expense.It is my opinion that predetermination occurs when a school district makes unilateral decisions about a child’s education despite evidence to the contrary, and refuses meaningful parental input. Also when a take it or leave it IEP is presented to parents.How to overcome predetermination:1. Bring documentation of your child’s educational needs to the IEP meeting and share with special education personnel; schools must consider all information brought by parents.2. Parents must be meaningful participants in the IEP process. Relay the court rulings to special education personnel that if a parent is not allowed meaningful participation in the development of their child’s IEP, predetermination and denial of FAPE may be found.3. If special education personnel still refuse to allow you input or only give one option for services or placement, consider a state complaint for violation of IDEA.4. Have an Independent Educational Evaluation (IEE) performed on your child to determine what related and special education services your child needs. Make sure that the evaluator you pick is not only willing to test your child but to write a comprehensive and concise report that includes recommendations for needed related and special education services.Predetermination is harmful for children with disabilities because it denies children the services that they need to benefit from their education. Keep advocating-your child is worth it!
Are you working in your dreamed career field? If you are one of those who can’ made your dreamed career comes true, online education will be your best path to earn a career degree to enter a career field that was your career goal when you were at college. With the available of online education programs, going back to study is easier than ever, you can even do it without the need to quit your current job or affecting your family and social commitments.With the growing trend of online education programs, you can find almost any career related online courses offered by accredited online schools. Many of these online education programs are designed for working adults who want to earn a certification or degree in their area of interest without having to stop life on its course. The key elements that make online education the best option for working individuals are flexible learning environment and remote log on to the online classes from any location have made easy for working adults to go for study in their favorite subjects while maintaining their current job and lifestyle.Here are a few steps to find an online education program that meets your career goals:1. Identify Education Requirements Before you start searching for an online education program, you need to identify what are the education requirements in order for you to get the career you want. For example, if you want to become an accountant, you need to earn at least of bachelor or master’s degree in finance; and you may need to have a forensic accounting degree if you want to become a forensic accountant. Then, identify the level of degree you want to pursue, such as bachelor, master or PhD.2. Search For Online Education ProgramsOnce you know what type of online education programs to look for, search for a list of online education programs offered by various accredited online schools that meet your goals. Usually, you will find many similar online education programs offered by different online schools. You may need to short list them with a few criteria such as the school reputation, program cost, and the courses of the online education programs that best fit your needs.3. Request Information From Online SchoolsThe information about the online education programs found at the school’s website may not be detailed enough for you to make your decision. Hence, you should request the schools to send you the details information about the education programs so that you can review and compare them before you make any decision. Most online schools are providing free information packs on their education programs, what you need to do is fill up a simple form to let the schools know what type of online education programs you are interested in and where to send you those information.4. Apply For Admission & Earn The DegreeOnce your have decided an online education program to go for, admission application is simple and it can be done online. You need to fulfill all the admission requirements in order to be accepted by the online school. Then, you should work hard and smart to complete the program to earn the degree that is required to make a career switch.SummaryOnline education has made easy for working adults to go back for study without the need to give up their current job. You can get the career you want by earning a career related degree through online education program without give up your monthly pay check.
Our growth in future depends a lot on the resource that we build today; and that includes development of human resource by building quality infrastructure for education. UN has determined the period between 2005 and 2014 to be dedicated in developing human resource through education on protecting environment, economic growth and social development. A society on a whole can only grow when it grows together. When economic disparity is constantly widening, corporate needs to come forward with socially responsible sustainability plan to ensure the future of the society and nation.Economic disparity is one harsh truth of Indian social structure. And, illiteracy or lack of proper education acts both as the cause and the effect of this unevenness. Under educated society fails to realize its full potential and therefore, can’t sustain.When government efforts are falling short Indian corporation must come forward in sharing responsibility with the government in making the society educationally, economically and socially more equal.Importance and focus on social responsibility of business grew in prominence when Companies Bill 2012, that suggested corporate to spend 2% of their post-tax profit towards wellbeing and improvement of the society, was proposed by the Indian government. Rise of corporate citizenship that encourages corporations to get involved in overall welfare of the society.”When an economy grows so large that it reaches or exceeds the threshold point beyond which any further growth is ‘uneconomic’. – Samuel Alexander.We have already reached at the point beyond which growing alone is no longer a sustainable idea. Corporate needs to return part of what they extract from the society for stable future.Education is one area in India that requires serious involvement. Importance of education is paramount to keep an economy on the constant path of growth. But unfortunately, education in India is one of its major woes. Despite efforts from government the sector is still a laggard and in need of serious involvement from corporations.Volunteer programs ran by some conglomerations striving to improve the educational scenario of the nation. Young professionals, taking time out from their career aspirations, are devoting time in educating underprivileged children at different schools. Focus of these programs remains on empowerment through education and helping nurturing principles, capabilities and values.Education is a key enabler of any social transformation. By focusing on improving education scenario of the country larger objectives can be achieved. Through it we can create a generation of citizens that is culturally, religiously and economically liberal.
Distance education, is a technique of offering education through correspondence or online. It makes it possible for students to receive education in far-off places. In Distance education, educational materials are sent to the students through various means such as tutorials, audiotapes, videos, satellite broadcasts, and also through CD’s. Interactive videoconferencing generally helps a teacher to deliver lectures in a virtual classroom. The different facilities and services available through the network generally include online listing, accessibility of online video materials, distribution of course materials, and constant communication, with tutors or instructors and fellow students through e-mail.Distance education software is also used to encourage, reputed institutions to start distance education programs. Interactive videoconferencing is the most useful software developed, and it has helped to change the way distance education is imparted. The growing technical software makes it possible for colleges to adapt distance-learning programs, by easily mixing online-learning software from multiple companies. Many colleges around the world are now getting involved in creating new standards, and many institutions, corporations, and government bodies have also started applying for them.These standards are still being developed, and it is assumed that it could take years to be implemented. Professors with the help of this software can create, a database of the attendance record of students in each of their courses. Professors would have to individually update the lists, whenever students join or drop out of a course, with the help of the advanced software.With the help of this software, the curriculum can be arranged and rearranged easily, to accommodate different learning styles. A professor can also include evaluation tools, to track a student’s progress through the material. When content can easily be rearranged, distance education without doubt is likely to expand quickly. Online sites are available that give detailed information, and latest updated news of how soon this software will be introduced.